Area of origin : North East of the United States. From sea level to 1000m altitude. Introduced into Europe in 1800.
Adult Dimensions : Height up to 25m (82'), width up to 10m (32,8').
Foliage : Deciduous.
Soil Type : Rich and moist. Dislikes lime.
Hardiness : Tolerant to -32°C.
Exposure : Full light.
Characteristics and Uses : This is a tree that is quite compact but rounded in shape, the lower branches trailing. It is found growing naturally in river valleys and marshes. The trunk rarely reaches 80cm (31,5") in diameter. The dark green shiny leaves are grey- green and soft underneath. In autumn they are tinted brown and red and pink underneath. The acorns can measure up to 3cm (1,2") long.
List of Oaks:
Black Oak (Quercus velutina or Quercus tinctoria)
, black bark near surface
Bur oak (Quercus macrocarpa)
Chinese Cork Oak (Quercus variabilis or Quercus bungeana)
, marcescent foliage, dark green with silvery underside, golden in autumn
Cork Oak (Quercus suber)
, evergreen foliage, dislikes chalky soil and harsh winters
Coast Live Oak (Quercus agrifolia)
, bushy tree, evergreen foliage, dislikes chalky soil
Cypress oak (Quercus robur 'Fastigiata')
, superb erect shape, to be planted on its own or aligned
Downy Oak or pubescent Oak (Quercus pubescens)
, grey leaves, good quality heating wood
Garry oak or Oregon white oak (Quercus garryana)
Holm Oak or Holly Oak (Quercus ilex)
, prickly leaves that look like holly leaves, evergreen foliage
Hungarian Oak or Italian Oak (Quercus frainetto or Quercus farnetto)
, pretty dark green foliage with green grey underside, dislikes chalky soil
Japanese blue oak (Quercus glauca)
Nuttall oak (Quercus nuttallii)
Pedunculate Oak (Quercus robur or Quercus pedonculata)
, rapid growth, dislikes summer droughts
Pin Oak or Swamp Spanish Oak (Quercus palustris)
, shiny green foliage, bright red in autumn, dislikes chalky soil
Portuguese Oak (Quercus faginea)
Pyrenean oak (Quercus pyrenaica)
Red Oak or Northern Red Oak or Champion Oak (Quercus rubra or Quercus borealis)
, large dark green leaves, rapid growth, dislikes chalky soil and too much humidity
Sawtooth Oak (Quercus acutissima)
Scarlet Oak (Quercus coccinea)
, shiny green foliage, turning bright red in autumn, dislikes chalky soil
Serrata oak (Quercus serrata)
Sessile Oak or Durmast Oak (Quercus petraea or Quercus sessiliflora)
Shingle Oak (Quercus imbricaria)
Shumard Oak (Quercus shumardii)
, bright red foliage in autumn
Truffle Downy Oak (Quercus pubescens Truffle)
Truffle Holm Oak (Quercus ilex Truffle)
, produces truffles when all the right conditions are met
Turkey Oak (Quercus cerris)
, dark green foliage resistant to powdery mildew, the acorn is surrounded by what looks like hairy tightly packed scales
Ubame Oak (Quercus phillyreoïdes)
, likes chalky soil, shiny dark green leaves
Willow oak (Quercus myrsineafolia or Quercus phellos)
, long and fine leaves, dislikes chalky soil
Woolly-leaved Oak (Quercus lanata)
, twisted trunk, likes acidic soil
See the Oaks catalogue